Top 10 Biggest Pyramids in Egypt

Towering over the desert sands for millennia, Egypt's pyramids continue to amaze and inspire. These colossal monuments, built by ancient pharaohs, are testaments to human ingenuity and a civilization's enduring legacy.
Top 10 Biggest Pyramids in Egypt

Towering over the desert sands for millennia, Egypt’s pyramids continue to amaze and inspire. These colossal monuments, built by ancient pharaohs, are testaments to human ingenuity and a civilization’s enduring legacy.

Join us on a journey as we explore the top 10 biggest pyramids in Egypt. We’ll dive into their history, uncover the secrets they hold, and be awestruck by their sheer scale. From the iconic pyramids of Giza to lesser-known hidden gems, this list will transport you to the heart of ancient Egypt.

1: Great Pyramid of Giza

The Great Pyramid of Giza, the largest pyramid in the world by volume, stands at an impressive 138.5 meters tall. It’s a marvel of engineering, built as a tomb for Pharaoh Khufu (Cheops) around 2570 BC. Over 2.3 million massive stones form this ancient wonder, the tallest human-made structure for over 3,800 years. Part of a complex with other pyramids and the Sphinx, it remains a popular tourist destination and a testament to the ingenuity of ancient Egyptians.

2: Pyramid of Khafre

The Pyramid of Khafre stands proudly as the second-biggest pyramid at Giza, reaching 136.4 meters (448 feet) tall. Built as a tomb for Pharaoh Khafre, son of Khufu (Cheops), it’s famous for its association with the Great Sphinx, a mythical creature guarding its secrets. While slightly shorter than the Great Pyramid, Khafre appears taller due to its position on higher ground.  This pyramid exemplifies the architectural mastery of the 4th Dynasty and remains a marvel of engineering and a testament to ancient Egyptian civilization.

3: Red Pyramid

The Red Pyramid, located south of Cairo, Egypt, earns its name from the reddish hue of its weathered limestone core. It’s believed to be an experiment in perfecting pyramid design, built by Pharaoh Sneferu (father of Khufu, who built the Great Pyramid).  Standing 105 meters tall, it has a unique bent angle in its midsection, nicknamed the “Bent Pyramid.”  This unusual feature might be due to course corrections or concerns about structural stability. Though not as smooth-sided as later pyramids, the Red Pyramid remains an impressive monument and a key archaeological site offering insights into early pyramid construction techniques.

4: Pyramid of Menkaure

The Pyramid of Menkaure, the smallest of the three iconic Giza pyramids, stands 65 meters tall. Built for Pharaoh Menkaure, grandson of the Great Pyramid’s builder Khufu, it reflects a shift towards smaller pyramids. Despite its size, Menkaure’s pyramid remains impressive. Constructed with finer quality limestone than its larger neighbors, it may have shone brightly in the desert sun.  Unlike the other Giza pyramids, its interior chambers haven’t been fully explored, leaving some of its secrets yet to be unraveled.

5: Pyramid of Lahun

The Pyramid of Lahun, also called Senusret II’s pyramid, is an ancient Egyptian pyramid made of mudbrick. Unlike the famous pyramids at Giza, it’s crumbled and looks more like a giant pile of rocks.  You can actually enter this pyramid and explore its chambers, including the one with a giant pink granite sarcophagus. It’s a cool sight for history fans, even though it isn’t as smooth and pointy as the other pyramids.

6: Step Pyramid of Djoser

The Step Pyramid of Djoser, located in Saqqara, Egypt, is a revolutionary structure dating back further than the smooth-sided pyramids. Designed by Imhotep, an architect and official for Pharaoh Djoser, it’s a tiered structure with six receding layers, possibly inspired by mastabas (flat-roofed tombs).  Standing at 62.5 meters, it’s believed to be a prototype for later pyramids, offering a glimpse into the evolution of pyramid design.  Unlike smooth-sided pyramids, the Step Pyramid showcases the layering process and may have served as a symbolic stairway to the heavens for the Pharaoh’s afterlife.  This unique monument remains a significant landmark and a testament to early architectural advancements in ancient Egypt.

7: Pyramid of Meidum

The Pyramid of Meidum, located south of Cairo, Egypt, is an intriguing example of early pyramid development. Initially intended to be a smooth-sided pyramid, the upper section dramatically collapsed during construction, leaving a stepped appearance.  Standing 65 meters tall, it’s believed to have been built for Pharaoh Huni or Sneferu.  Despite the incomplete structure, Medium offers valuable clues about pyramid-building techniques. It’s the first pyramid with an interior chamber featuring corbelling, a technique using angled stones to create a supporting roof structure.  This innovation would be crucial for later, larger pyramids.  Nicknamed the “False Pyramid” by some due to its incomplete form, Meidum remains an important archaeological site showcasing a pivotal stage in pyramid evolution.

8: Pyramid of Userkaf

Pharaoh Userkaf, founder of the 5th Dynasty (2494-2487 BC), built the Pyramid of Userkaf in Saqqara, Egypt. Standing 49 meters tall, it’s smaller than some earlier pyramids. However, it’s significant to introduce a new building technique – an outer casing made of limestone blocks, a shift from the previous core-and-casing method.  The pyramid also boasts a well-preserved mortuary temple, offering archaeologists a valuable window into the funerary practices of the 5th Dynasty. While not as colossal as the pyramids at Giza, Userkaf’s pyramid remains an important testament to the architectural advancements and changing styles of the Old Kingdom.

9: Pyramid of Teti

The Pyramid of Teti, located in Saqqara near Cairo, Egypt, served as the tomb of Pharaoh Teti II, the first king of the 6th Dynasty (around 2345-2323 BCE). Though smaller than some earlier pyramids at 52 meters tall, Teti’s pyramid holds historical significance.  Unlike its smooth-sided predecessors, Teti’s pyramid features extensive hieroglyphic texts inscribed on the interior walls. These “Pyramid Texts” offer invaluable knowledge about the Old Kingdom pharaohs’ religious beliefs and funerary practices.  While the exterior may not be as grand, the Pyramid of Teti holds treasures within, providing a window into ancient Egyptian rituals and beliefs surrounding the afterlife.

10: Pyramid of Lepsius I

The Pyramid of Lepsius I located north of Dahshur, Egypt, is an enigmatic monument shrouded in mystery.  Named after the Egyptologist who identified it in the 19th century, Lepsius I is much smaller than its famous neighbors, standing around 45 meters tall.  Heavily eroded and in ruins, its exact purpose remains debated.  Theories suggest it could be a royal pyramid for a lesser-known pharaoh or perhaps part of a larger complex.  Despite its unknowns, Lepsius I adds to the fascinating puzzle of Egypt’s ancient pyramids.  Archaeologists continue to study it, hoping to unlock the secrets it holds.

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Which is the biggest pyramid in Egypt?

The Great Pyramid of Giza reigns supreme as the biggest pyramid in Egypt by volume.

What is the 10th largest pyramid?

The 10th largest pyramid is the Pyramid of Lepsius I, which stands around 45 meters tall and is located north of Dahshur, Egypt.


Our exploration of Egypt’s top 10 biggest pyramids concludes, leaving us in awe of these ancient giants.  Each pyramid tells a story, a testament to a bygone era’s engineering marvels and rich culture. From the colossal structures of Giza to the enigmatic Pyramid of Lepsius I, these monuments continue to spark our curiosity and inspire exploration.

As we dive deeper into their secrets, the pyramids remind us of the enduring power of human ambition and the legacy that can be built stone by stone.  So next time you gaze upon an image or stand before these wonders in person, remember the stories they hold and the journey through time they represent.