In this article, we’ll see who refugees are and why they migrate. We will also learn some facts about how migration and people who migrate affect the economy of any country or state where people migrate to. Every country has different facilities and rules for refugees. We’ll see what those are.
World Refugees’ Day (Introduction and History)
People who are forced by circumstance to leave their homelands and move to a land where they are not even sure that they’ll be welcomed. The United Nations declared internationally that the entire world should celebrate World Refugees’ Day to honor the people who leave their homelands for some reason. We all celebrate this day worldwide on June 20th. This day reminds the nationals of the countries that every human being has rights no matter where they are, and it’s the duty of nationals to help those who seek refuge in their country.
Q. Who are Refugees?
Refugees are people who are forced to leave their homelands and move to different places with different cultures, languages, and beliefs. While moving to another country, these people have to get the permission of the government and ask for a place to stay and food to eat until they start earning their own.
Q. Why do People Migrate?
There are many reasons that make people migrate from their homelands to a completely strange land. Those reasons might include the following:
- Environmental disasters
- Human rights violation
- Economic crisis
- Religious conflicts
Many people are forced to leave their homes because of the cast of class differences.
Refugees Around The World
According to a survey, there are 89.3 billion refugees. These people are forced to leave their houses either by human power or by the environment. According to the survey done in 2020, 4% of those were aged 60 or above 60 years. 29% of males and 25% of females were between the ages of 18-59. 6% of both genders were around the ages of 12-17 and the rest of the refugees were from newborn to 12 years old. People from each age group faced and face different difficulties in moving into different land with different people.
Top Ten Facts About Refugee
1. Largest refugee camp
There are many refugee camps in the world helping refugees to survive by providing them with their basic needs. The largest refugee camp is hosted by Dadaab, Kenya. This camp is providing shelter and food to more than 330,000 people.
2. Civil War in Syria
Syrians faced multiple losses during the civil war. The civil war displaced 45% of the population of Syria which numbers more than 11 million people. This is one of the worst losses humankind has faced.
3. Syrian refugees
80% of Syrian refugees are living below the poverty line. They can hardly afford their basic needs of food, clothes, and medicine, so, governments of host countries are trying to provide for these needs as much as possible.
4. Hosting refugees
Almost every country that appears on the world map hosts refugee camps for displaced people. 86% of the refugee camps are hosted by developing or under-developed countries. If these countries do not have sufficient resources, they request developed countries to contribute to these camps.
5. Children among refugees
There are 89.3 billion refugees in the entire world, and approximately 50% of them are children. They are from the age of 1 year to 12 years. Almost 4 billion children are homeless, and they can’t afford an education. These displaced are the future of this world.
6. Refugees to be
According to a report, there are 25% of female refugees, and 18% of them are of reproductive age. 7-9% of these women are pregnant and will give birth to their babies in a land that is unknown to them. These babies will affect and increase the number of refugees and might not get their basic rights from the strange land they will be born on.
7. Rate of refugees
As has been mentioned above, 89.3 billion people are displaced. Most of these refugees come from 5 countries, and these countries are always involved in violence. The number of refugees is as follows:
- Syria-6.8 million
- Venezuela 4.6 million
- Afghanistan 2.7 million
- South Sudan has 2.4 million.
- Myanmar-1.2 million
Every 2 seconds, 1 person leaves their homeland and moves to a different one.
8. Refugees in Bangladesh
People from Myanmar fled to Bangladesh to avoid religious violence in their own country. The number of these refugees is approximately 950,000. This is a very large number of people, and Bangladesh needs help from other countries to provide basic needs to its guests. For two weeks, 35 dollars is sufficient to provide food for one person.
9. Refugee team in the Olympics
There is a team in the Olympics of refugees, in which independent participants participate who leave their homelands. President Thomas Bach built this team in March 2016. This team has 29 players in 12 sports from 11 different countries.
10. From refugees to nationals
They take refuge until their country is in peace again but they fear that violent countries will do that again to them. Most of these people want to stay in countries where they find peace. If a refugee stays in a country for more than 5 years, he can change his status from refugee to national. To get nationality, a refugee should prove that he deserves nationality and can apply for it.
We’ve concluded that people leave their homelands because they are forced to leave their houses. People leave their motherland because of the intensity of human power or natural disasters, for example, war, violation of rights, earthquakes, floods, etc. Displaced people have the same rights as nationals of any country. It is the duty of nationals of host countries to provide basic needs like shelter, food, and medicine. The government of the hosting country should also promise them a safe and sound stay as long as they want to.